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THE NORMAL RECORD. an approximate area of a circular field whose diameter was 12. He used 3.1604 for the value of pi, a remarkable result to be obtained 3600 years ago; of course he knew nothing of the development of pi. The Phoenicians and Jews were not even accurate in the use of practical geometry as is seen in I Kings, chapter 7, verse 3: " And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other ; it was round all about, and his height was five cubits ; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about." It is thus seen that pi was taken to equal 3. It is said that the Chinese knew the truth of the famous theorem of Pythagoras, that in any right triangle, the square on the hypothenuse equals the sum of the squares on the other two legs. Could you imagine the Chinese having a "Board of Mathematics " ? When the Jesuits went to China in the 16th century, they found a department with the above title. All this board did was to prepare an annual almanac. The title was evidently misleading. Egypt had always been a source of supply to the merchants of Greece, Phoenice and Palestine. When Thales (640 B. C.—550 B. O), one of the seven wise men of Greece, was in Egypt,'probably in the capacity of a merchant—for that was his early calling—he studied astronomy and geometry, and returning to his native city, Miletus, on the west coast of Asia Minor, devoted himself to study. Here he formed the first school in which geometry was studied by the Greeks— the Ionian school. Anaximander, who invented the sundial, was one of Thales' pupils. The following theorems are due to Thales: (1) The angle at the base of an isosceles triangle are equal. (2) If two straight lines intersect, the vertical angles are equal. (3) A circle is bisected by its diameter. (4) An angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle. When Thales solved this last as a problem, in his excess of joy he sacrificed an ox to the gods. His wisdom was not confined to astronomy and geometry, as is seen in the following anecdote : "Once when transporting some salt which was loaded on mules, one of the animals, slipping in a stream, got its load wet, and so caused some of the salt to be dissolved ; finding its load thus lightsned, it rolled over at the next ford to which it came. To break it of this trick, Thales loaded it with rags and sponges which, by absorbing the water, made the load heavier and soon effectually cured the animal of its troublesome habit." The next great land mark in the field of geometry was Pythagoras (569—500 B. C), a contamporary of Thales, although a very young man when Thales died. He also studied in Egypt, after being tutored by Anaximander. On returning from Egypt he spent some time on his island home in the Ionian Sea, and then opened his school in Southern Italy. This was the second great Grecian school, Grecian in character, although on Roman soil. He not only taught mathematics and philosophy, but also political and social doctrines. The school was divided into two classes, those who were only listeners and those who were the workers, the latter class really forming the Pythagorean school. He chose his wife from those who " listened ', a circumstance which tends to show that even girls in those days ware interested in geometry. The story is told that a young Pythagorean was taken suddenly ill one day as he was traveling along the highway, and was kindly taken care of by a family who lived on the roadside. His illness took a serious turn, and before he died the young man gave the family the emblem of the society, the pentagram, or fivepointed star, and told thjm to put it in full view on the roadside after his death. This was accordingly done, and soon after a traveler, observing the bad^e of his order, called at the house and rewarded the good people for their kindness to the dead geometer. Although Pythagoras did not use a text book, it is conceded that he was the first to arrange the theorems of geometry in a logical order. He reasoned deductively as we do today in the study of our geometry—that is from certain known theorems he deduced or arrived at new theorems closely connected with the preceding. This work of the Pythagoreans paved the way for Plato and later for Euclid, who lived two centuries later than Pythagoras. Some of the important
Object Description
Title  The Normal Record. December 1898 
Original Date  189812 
Description  The Record. Published by the Associated Students of Chico State College. 
Creator  Chico State College 
Location of Original  Archives 
Call Number  LD723 C57 
Digital Collection  The Record: Chico State Yearbook Collection 
Digital Repository  Meriam Library, California State University, Chico. 
DescriptionAbstract  The Record served as both a student magazine and a commencement program for Chico Normal School. In the year 1898, it was published almost monthly. 
Date Digital  2013 
Language  eng 
Rights  For information on the use of the images in this collection contact the Special Collections Department at 530.8986342 or email: specialcollections@csuchico.edu 
Format  image/tiff 
Filename  index.cpd 
Description
Title  1898_12_NormalRecord.006 
Original Date  189812 
OCR Transcript  THE NORMAL RECORD. an approximate area of a circular field whose diameter was 12. He used 3.1604 for the value of pi, a remarkable result to be obtained 3600 years ago; of course he knew nothing of the development of pi. The Phoenicians and Jews were not even accurate in the use of practical geometry as is seen in I Kings, chapter 7, verse 3: " And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other ; it was round all about, and his height was five cubits ; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about." It is thus seen that pi was taken to equal 3. It is said that the Chinese knew the truth of the famous theorem of Pythagoras, that in any right triangle, the square on the hypothenuse equals the sum of the squares on the other two legs. Could you imagine the Chinese having a "Board of Mathematics " ? When the Jesuits went to China in the 16th century, they found a department with the above title. All this board did was to prepare an annual almanac. The title was evidently misleading. Egypt had always been a source of supply to the merchants of Greece, Phoenice and Palestine. When Thales (640 B. C.—550 B. O), one of the seven wise men of Greece, was in Egypt,'probably in the capacity of a merchant—for that was his early calling—he studied astronomy and geometry, and returning to his native city, Miletus, on the west coast of Asia Minor, devoted himself to study. Here he formed the first school in which geometry was studied by the Greeks— the Ionian school. Anaximander, who invented the sundial, was one of Thales' pupils. The following theorems are due to Thales: (1) The angle at the base of an isosceles triangle are equal. (2) If two straight lines intersect, the vertical angles are equal. (3) A circle is bisected by its diameter. (4) An angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle. When Thales solved this last as a problem, in his excess of joy he sacrificed an ox to the gods. His wisdom was not confined to astronomy and geometry, as is seen in the following anecdote : "Once when transporting some salt which was loaded on mules, one of the animals, slipping in a stream, got its load wet, and so caused some of the salt to be dissolved ; finding its load thus lightsned, it rolled over at the next ford to which it came. To break it of this trick, Thales loaded it with rags and sponges which, by absorbing the water, made the load heavier and soon effectually cured the animal of its troublesome habit." The next great land mark in the field of geometry was Pythagoras (569—500 B. C), a contamporary of Thales, although a very young man when Thales died. He also studied in Egypt, after being tutored by Anaximander. On returning from Egypt he spent some time on his island home in the Ionian Sea, and then opened his school in Southern Italy. This was the second great Grecian school, Grecian in character, although on Roman soil. He not only taught mathematics and philosophy, but also political and social doctrines. The school was divided into two classes, those who were only listeners and those who were the workers, the latter class really forming the Pythagorean school. He chose his wife from those who " listened ', a circumstance which tends to show that even girls in those days ware interested in geometry. The story is told that a young Pythagorean was taken suddenly ill one day as he was traveling along the highway, and was kindly taken care of by a family who lived on the roadside. His illness took a serious turn, and before he died the young man gave the family the emblem of the society, the pentagram, or fivepointed star, and told thjm to put it in full view on the roadside after his death. This was accordingly done, and soon after a traveler, observing the bad^e of his order, called at the house and rewarded the good people for their kindness to the dead geometer. Although Pythagoras did not use a text book, it is conceded that he was the first to arrange the theorems of geometry in a logical order. He reasoned deductively as we do today in the study of our geometry—that is from certain known theorems he deduced or arrived at new theorems closely connected with the preceding. This work of the Pythagoreans paved the way for Plato and later for Euclid, who lived two centuries later than Pythagoras. Some of the important 